Taurine: Definition, Benefits, Side Effects & Dosage
You've probably seen taurine on the side of your most recent energy drink or red some urban legend about how it's harmful to your health.
But what's the truth behind this compound and what does the research have to say? Let's find out.
What is Taurine
Taurine is an organic molecule that offers performance enhancing benefits and is most commonly found in energy drinks.
Due to a mis-understanding of the scientific literature, taurine sometimes gets blamed for the more unhealthy ingredients in energy drinks, but in reality - it’s primarily a beneficial performance enhancing compound.
What Sources of Taurine?
Improved Blood Flow
Improved Exercise Capacity
Recommended Taurine Dosages for Performance
For performance standards,
Unlike some compounds like creatine, you don’t have to take taurine every day to achieve the benefits (known as creatine loading).
Based on current research, you can probably take up to 3g of taurine / day without any sort of major risks.
For improved performance - 1.66g taurine
For reduced muscle soreness - a daily intake of 2g of taurine along with 3.2g of bccas.
For more standard benefits - like improving blood pressure - it’s typically recommended to take 1.5g split across 3, .5g doses.
While taurine is sometimes supplemented on it’s own, it’s very water soluble and for that reason is often used in either energy drinks or pre-workout formulas.
However, you can usually buy capsuled taurine supplements - they are usually sold in 500mg-1000mg doses.
Taurine in Energy Drinks
While you can supplement taurine manually, taurine is primarily seen in energy drinks. It helps improve blood flow and can improve athletic performance.
Side Effects of Taurine
While Taurine seemingly gets a bad rap around the internet due to a series of urban legends and the association with unhealthy energy drinks - taurine is typically a
Multiple studies show that 3g or higher is a sustainable intake of taurine on a regular basis (although because of the novelty, lifelong studies have not been done).
Due to the association with unhealthy energy drinks and other urban legends - many people seem to think that taurine can cause heart damage - which does not seem to be the case from research - as taurine can actually improve cardiovascular health.
This misunderstanding primarily seems to be a mis-reading of the scientific literature.
However, the side effect profile of taurine seems to be pretty standard when it comes to supplements. The most common side effects are typically:
These are relatively standard side effects that can happen with most supplements and are exacerbated if you take it on an empty stomach.
Is Taurine Bad For You?
While taurine is common in energy drinks that contain other compounds that aren’t performance
Is Taurine Bull Sperm?
No. The term taurine does come from the Latin name “taurus” which means Bull (and which is what gives Red Bull it’s name). However, this is only because the compound was originally discovered by being extracted from bull semen. While this is the origin - it’s important to note that this is not how it’s currently extracted.
Taurine is a natural molecule found in many other places and most taurine in supplements and other products is lab-made and is also found in animal tissues like meat, fish, and milk.
How much Taurine is in Red Bull?
An 8.3oz can of Red Bull contains 1000mg of taurine (or 1g).
How much Taurine is in Monster?
Monster energy drinks contain about 1000mg of taurine (1g) in an 8oz can.